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Terence Cavanaugh


eBooks are books or other forms of text that have been converted into digital format.

eBooks can be ordered online or downloaded for free. 

It's just a book without the paper.


Many eBooks allow you to control the look of the text.

Some eBooks can be read aloud with Text-to-Speech.

Portability: eBooks are digital, and they are usually read in handheld devices.

Distribution: eBooks can be copied and sent via the Internet.

Ease of use

Adaptable: eBooks can contain helpful enhancements, and the text size and colors may be adjusted for comfort.

Accommodations: Factors such as controlling text size and color, and having a book read aloud meet many special needs.



Devices: PalmOS, WindowsCE /Pocket PC, Franklin eBookman, Epoc32

Formats: .prc, .txt, .html, .doc files 


Adobe Acrobat eBook Reader

Features: Advanced navigation and viewing options. Bookmarks.  Accurate printing of complete eBook.

Devices: Any operating system including Win, Mac, Unix, Linux (not for handhelds)

Formats: .pdf files


Palm Reader

Features: Various fonts and sizes, navigation system, appearance control.

Devices: Palm OS systems

Format: .pdb files 


Franklin eBookMan

Features: font size, bookmarks (works with MobiPocket Reader)

Format: .prc files 


Microsoft Reader

Features: ClearType, Search, Advanced Navigation, Highlighting, Bookmarks, Personal Library, Drawing, Notes, Dictionary Interaction.

Devices: Windows & Pocket PCs

Format: .lit files 

Create Your Own Microsoft Reader eBooks from MS Word

Microsoft® Read in Microsoft Reader 1.1

Create eBooks from Microsoft Word version 2002 files at the click of a button. The Read in Microsoft Reader (RMR) add-in for Microsoft Word enables you to convert any Word document into a Microsoft Reader format eBook in just a few simple steps.

bullet Include custom cover graphics. The Cover Graphics dialog lets you preview and specify custom cover graphics for your eBooks.
bullet Convert your formatting with the click of a mouse. When the "Convert to Microsoft Reader Formatting" box is checked, Word will remove formatting that conflicts with Microsoft Reader defaults.
NOTE: Formatting mode converts only those styles that are supported by Microsoft Reader default settings. When you leave the "Convert to Microsoft Reader Formatting" box checked, RMR will only convert Microsoft Reader-supported formatting and HTML. The resulting file may be smaller, and will display better in Microsoft Reader.
bullet The RMR add-in automatically generates a linked Table of Contents for your eBook from the Table of Contents in your Word document. To create a Table of Contents in your Word document, refer to Microsoft Word help.
Version 1.1 | Release Date - 20 September 2001 | 820 KB  WordRMR.exe - 820 KB

System Requirements:

bullet Microsoft Word 2002 or Microsoft Word 2000
bullet Pentium 75 or higher microprocessor
bullet Microsoft Windows XP, Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional, Microsoft Windows 2000 Server, Microsoft Windows NT 4, or Microsoft Windows 98 operating systems.
bullet 16 MB RAM
bullet Approximately 1 MB free hard disk space
bullet Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 with Service Pack 1 or later.
bullet VGA or higher resolution monitor, and video card capable of displaying 16-bit or better colors.
bullet Microsoft mouse or compatible pointing device


  1. Ensure that Microsoft Word is not running.
  2. Click the download link.
  3. In the File Download box, select Save this program to disk.
  4. Save the file named "WordRMR.exe" to your hard drive.
  5. When the download is complete, locate WordRMR.exe on your hard drive and double click the file to begin installation.
  6. During the installation of the Read in Microsoft Reader add-in, you may be prompted to restart your PC. Be sure to do so. After the restart, the installation will continue.
  7. Start Microsoft Word, after you reboot your computer. You will see a Microsoft Reader icon on the Word toolbar and a Read command on the File menu. After opening a document in Word, use either of these to convert to Microsoft Reader format. 

Sources  --> Reader

DOC, .RTF, .HTM/.HTML, XML, .TXT, .WPS, .WPD, .WRI and ASCII  changes to .lit

Creating eBooks with eBookExpress

  1. Go to site.
  2. Enter title of eBook.
  3. Enter author name as it is to appear on eBook. 
  4. Attach the source file to be converted to a Microsoft Reader eBook.
  5. Attach the JPEG or PNG file for the eBook cover art.
  6. Click to publish.
  7. Then download your new eBook from the site.

Creating eBooks with ReaderWorks

  1. Get or create your text.
  2. Change it in Word or any HTML editor until it’s just the way that you and ReaderWorks like it.
  3. Save the soon-to-be book in its own folder somewhere (ReaderWorks creates a number of files; you really need each book and related files in a single folder) as an HTML file.
  4. Open ReaderWorks.
  5. Add the book file.
  6. Set the Properties.
  7. Make the Table of Contents.
  8. Save your work using Save As and the .rwp extension.
  9. Choose Build eBook from the File Menu.


Microsoft Reader currently supports three types of images:  JPEG, GIF, & PNG.

Any image embedded within an HTML file, will automatically be included in the eBook. 

The following is a list of recommendations when adding images to an your eBooks:
· All images should be at 72  or 100 dpi resolution or standard screen resolution for your target device (desktop or Pocket PC).
· Images should be in either JPEG, GIF or PNG formats.
· Use either RGB color or Black and White. 
· Use RGB color for full color images, photographs, and shaded tables.
· Use Black and White for line drawings and text tables. When in doubt, use RGB color.
· Maximum image height – 500 pixels
· Maximum image width – 400 pixels

IMPORTANT: When resizing an image, keep the original image size ratio so the picture does not become distorted. 

1. Cover Image
Location: Splash page
Proportions: 3:4 vertical
Dimensions: 510 pixels by 680 pixels
Suggested Source of image: Cover or artwork for paper book

2. Library Image
Location: Library
Proportions: 3:4 vertical
Dimensions: 99 pixels by 132 pixels
Suggested Source of image: Either full cover image reduced in size, or publisher's logo, or a fragment of the cover (could be a flat color)

3. Cover Page Image
Location: Cover page
Proportions: 21% width of the full screen
Dimensions: 108 pixels by 680 pixels
Suggested Source of image: Either a sliver of the paper book cover image or artwork, a flat color, or a default image provided by the publisher/author of the title.

4. Pocket PC Cover Image 
Location: Pocket PC Book cover page
Proportions: 2:1 horizontal
Dimensions: 480 pixels by 240 pixels

Suggested Source of image: Cover or artwork for paper book, usually needs to be modified for this layout.

5. Pocket PC Thumbnail Image
Location: Pocket PC Library
Proportions: 2:1 horizontal
Dimensions: 90 pixels by 45 pixels
Suggested Source of image: Either full cover image reduced in size, or publisher's logo

USING CSS to make the pages break like you want.



H1, H2, H3, H4, H5, H6 {

page-break-before: auto; /* the default */

page-break-inside: avoid; /* no page breaks inside... */

page-break-after: avoid; /* ... or after */


H2 {

page-break-before: always; /* begin new chapters; overrides previous rule */


P {

orphans: 3; /* default is 2 */

widows: 3; /* default is 2 */



Running Palm DropBook

To create a .pdb file readable by the Palm Reader, simply drop a text file which has been marked up using the Palm Markup Language onto the DropBook icon. Any errors which occur will be listed. You may be prompted to specify the book's title as it will be presented on a handheld.

The Palm Markup Language (PML) and Palm DropBook have been tailored to work in a variety of situations but may not provide the support that your specific application requires.


Converting to Palm eBooks

Word documents

To convert a Microsoft Word document to Palm Markup format, download this Word 97/98 template document, and unzip it. Then follow these steps:

  1. Copy the file to Microsoft Word's "Templates" folder.
  2. Run Word. From the File menu, choose "New..."
  3. From the list of available templates, choose "word2pml". Click OK.
  4. You now have an empty document. Paste in the text that you wish to convert to PML format.
  5. From the Tools menu, choose Macros from the Macro hierarchic menu item.
  6. Select word2pml from the list and click Run.

The macro will replace various styles (italic, bold, etc.) with corresponding PML codes.

After the macro has finished its work, insert appropriate title pages and chapter tags. Then use DropBook to build the book.

Gutenberg and other text documents

The Gutenberg texts at are mostly plain ASCII. However, they include returns at the end of each line, capitalization to represent italics, underscores to represent underlined text, hyphenated words broken between lines, and other conventions that make conversion to PML interesting.

The following is a general guideline for converting Gutenberg texts to PML.

bullet Remove hyphens at the ends of lines (words broken between lines shouldn't be), but not on lines that end with two hyphens ("--").
bullet Remove line endings except between paragraphs. Some programs may have a specific command to do this. Otherwise, this can be done with a text editor by
  1. Replacing sequences of two line endings with a character that won't appear in the text
  2. Replacing line endings with a space
  3. Replacing the character used in step 1 with two line endings
bullet Replace sequences of two spaces with a single space.
bullet Spell check!
bullet Replace backquotes ("`") with a single quote ("'").
bullet Replace "' with "\a160'. A double quote followed by a single quote looks like three single quotes in the small font, so a space should be placed between them. The \a160 is a non-breaking space character; you don't want to allow a line to break between two quotes.
bullet Replace '" with '\a160" for the same reason.
bullet Replace sequences of periods which are intended to represent an ellipsis with \a133, the ellipsis character code.
bullet Keep your eyes open for sequences such as I-95 that should use a non-breaking dash, \a173.
bullet Make sure the quotes "work". A programming editor such as CodeWarrior will syntax highlight strings, so you can scroll through the file and easily pick out mismatched quotes.
bullet Convert words in all capitals to italics using the \i tag where appropriate.
bullet Convert words with leading and trailing underscores to underline using the \u tag.
bullet Add title pages and chapter tags. Save as text (.txt)
bullet Build the book using MakeBook.  (drop the text onto the icon)
bullet Proofread. Scanning a book (as was done to generate the Gutenberg texts) produces errors that are not necessarily picked up by spell checkers. The word "close" is sometimes scanned as "dose", for example. Initial words of chapters are often in an unusual font that cause them to be omitted from the scanned text.

^p (hat P) is the code for a hard return

^l (hat L) is the code for a soft return (or ^n)

Creating Franklin eBook Reader files from Palm

  1. Change the three letter extension from .pdb to .prc
  2. That's it.

eBooks in Education

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Copyright © 2006 Drs.Cavanaugh  Last modified: March 06, 2008